Peridot is the birthstone of August
Peridot is olivine - a silicate mineral whose name is associated with the Arabic word "faridat", which literally means precious stone. In ancient Egypt, peridot was considered a sacred "Stone of the Sun".
Given the large amount of peridot found in one of the Hawaiian islands, this stone is strongly represented in the traditional culture of Hawaii. There it was believed that the light green gemstone represented "the tears of the Goddess of Volcanoes Pele".
THE PERIOD IN HISTORY
As early as the second century AD, peridot became part of the traditional jewelry of Christian clergy. At the same time, peridot is very popular among the British aristocracy. Peridot jewelry is still worn by members of the royal family, such as the Duchess of Cambridge Kate Middleton.
Traditionally in the past this stone was often used in making amulets. According to the beliefs of traditional culture, a gold necklace with peridot or a gold bracelet with peridot protected from evil spells, evil spirits and even madness. The bracelet though must be worn on the right hand.
In addition to the birthstone in August, peridot is also the stone that the spouses give to each other on the 16th wedding anniversary. The reason for this is the attributed properties of peridot as a stone harmonizing emotions and reason. According to ancient healers, it has the ability to revive the soul and the love between the man and the woman.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PERIOD
Peridot is one of the few gemstones that exists in a single color - beautiful bright green. The nuance depends on the amount of iron in the structure of the stone. The color varies from yellow-green to brown-green. Probably these shades are in fact the reason why it was chosen as the birthstone of August - the month that marks the peak of summer and the fist signs of the approaching of autumn.
Peridot has an average hardness - 6.5 to 7 on the Mohs scale. For reference, the hardest material - the diamond, has a hardness of 10, and rubies and sapphires - 9. Given its lower hardness, peridot is not suitable for everyday wear. It is not recommended to wear a peridot ring on your hand constantly.
TAKING CARE FOR JEWELERY WITH PERIDOT
Peridot requires special care to maintain its luster longer. It is best to store jewelry with peridot separately so that it is not scratched by other stones. Cleaning is done with lukewarm water and mild dishwashing soap. You can use a fine brush or cotton cloth. Jewelry with peridot is never to be cleaned with ultrasonic devices or steam.
You should not expose your jewelry with peridot to large temperature amplitudes, ammonia and acids, hot water.